Chateau de Versailles (Palace of Versailles) was built during Louis XIII’s reign and greatly expanded by Louis XIV. During 1575, Albert de Gondi came to France with Catherine de Medici (queen of king Henry II) from Italy and purchased the estate of Versailles. Later on, he invited Louis XIII to Versailles for hunting trips during early 17th century, thus Louis XIII ordered to build a hunting castle in Versailles in 1624. In 1632, Louis XIII obtained the estate from Albert de Gondi. When Louis XIV ruled France, he decided to move royal court to Versailles. He first settled in the hunting castle and began detailed expansion and renovation in 1669. His purpose was to create a large palace so he could "recruit" nobles, artists, and craftsmen and settle them near him–one way of assuring central control of the government since it could lower the opportunity for nobilities to develop their own regional power. In 1682, the royal court was officially established in Versailles by Louis XIV. The royal family and the descendents remained here until the French Revolution erupted in 1789, when Louis XVI and the queen, Marie Antoinette, were forced out of the castle.
P.S. Chateau de Versailles is the background for Riyoko Ikeda’s epic comic–"Rose of Versailles." (凡爾賽玫瑰, 我還是到美國在高中時才看到的~ 英文叫 "Lady Oscar") The movie–"Marie Antoinette " (凡爾賽拜金女) directed by Sofia Coppola and released in 2006 has very accurate stage sets of Palace of Versailles.
(P.S. I was a big fan of Oscar François de Jarjayes…. )
The plaza in front of the palace:
This is my 2nd time to visit Palace of Versailles–but this time many places are under re-construction. The covered part is the front gate, and there should be a bronze statue of Louis XIV riding on a horse.
The chapel inside the palace:
A beautiful corridor:
Renaissance style paintings on the roof:
A marble statue of Louis XIV:
A bust of Louis XIV–with very romantic gaze….(Hahahaha! I think this king, who called himself "the sun king," was quite Narcissistic…)
The magnificent "Hall of Mirrors."
The backside of the palace:
Garden of geomatrically trimmed bushes:
The "river" seen on the far side is the "Grand Canal" of the palace; Marie Antoinette’s hamlet, Grand Trianon, and Petit Trianon are located further down the canal.
The Apollo Basin:
The Grand Trianon:
The pavilion of The Petit Trianon: 在此, 最慘的事發生了~~~ 我以前第一次來時只有去城堡跟花園, 因為凡爾賽宮實在太大太多可以看了, 就偷懶沒有走到遠一點Marie Antoinette 的村莊小屋和 Grand Trianon和Petit Trianon, 後來看書上覺得Petit Trianon非常精緻美麗, 就想說這一次一定要看到.
沒想到走得超越到Petit Trianon時(–> 笨! 誰叫你不租一台單車…), 發現!! 整個Petit Trianon在大整修!!! 連庭園都被挖得醜醜的!!! 我查凡爾賽宮的official webste(http://www.chateauversailles.fr/)時, 有看到說有一些地方在整修, 可是我沒想到是這樣大場面的整修!! 害我現在看到這照片就想哭!
在凡爾賽宮裡面雖然可以照相, 可是人很多, 停下來照相有被壓扁的危機. 這是我在凡爾賽宮裡買的書, 我蠻推薦的, 十五歐元~ 有賣很多不同的語言, 我是買英文的. 裡面有將近200頁凡爾賽宮各部份非常詳細的介紹跟照片, 全部都是彩色的~
After coming back to Paris from Versailles, I went to Lafayette department store. This department store has an old classic elegant roof. 去主要就是看這個屋頂, 我也沒東西要買, 何況我覺得百貨公司那裡都一樣…
這是我在super market買的Ferrero Rocher(金莎巧克力) 一盒5多歐元, 台灣好像只有賣一種口味. 這個有五種口味(lemon, coconut, pistacho, hazel nut, almond) .